Version 1 (modified by skvidal, 9 years ago)
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Useful (and lesser-known) rpm commands

This is just a short list of useful and not-terribly-well-known commands you can run with the rpm command line. If you can think of more to add that you've used, please feel free to email us to include them.

    rpm -qa --last

This command outputs all installed packages and their installation time in reverse order. So, the most recently installed package will be listed first.

Example output

$ rpm -qa --last | head -14
gnome-python2-gtkhtml2-2.19.1-16.fc9          Thu 17 Jul 2008 11:40:44 PM EDT
gnome-python2-libegg-2.19.1-16.fc9            Thu 17 Jul 2008 11:40:43 PM EDT
gnome-python2-gtkmozembed-2.19.1-16.fc9       Thu 17 Jul 2008 11:40:43 PM EDT
gnome-python2-extras-2.19.1-16.fc9            Thu 17 Jul 2008 11:40:42 PM EDT
kernel-2.6.25.11-93.fc9                       Thu 17 Jul 2008 04:01:13 PM EDT
hugin-0.7.0-0.3.20080528svn.fc9               Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:37 PM EDT
hugin-base-0.7.0-0.3.20080528svn.fc9          Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:35 PM EDT
enblend-3.1-0.5.20080529cvs.fc9               Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:34 PM EDT
perl-Image-ExifTool-7.25-2.fc9                Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:29 PM EDT
glew-1.5.0-2.fc9                              Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:28 PM EDT
boost-1.34.1-13.fc9                           Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:27 PM EDT
libicu-3.8.1-7.fc9                            Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:25 PM EDT
plotutils-2.5-5.fc9                           Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:23 PM EDT
libpano13-tools-2.9.12-7.fc9                  Tue 15 Jul 2008 11:24:22 PM EDT

   rpm -qa --qf "%{size} %{name}.%{arch}\n" | sort -n

This command displays the size (in bytes) and name.arch of all packages on the system and sorts them by their size from smallest to largest. This is useful for finding out which packages on your system are taking up a lot of space. Used carefully it can help you clean up unneeded space-consuming packages.

Example

$ rpm -qa --qf "%{size} %{name}.%{arch}\n" | sort -n
22429792 Miro.i386
22495239 xulrunner.i386
23553254 anthy.i386
27332634 fonts-japanese.noarch
28805881 ghostscript.i386
29475842 foomatic.i386
29613520 selinux-policy-targeted.noarch
32793230 gnumeric.i386
36362111 gnome-games.i386
38401148 gimp.i386
40969098 evolution.i386
41452165 perl.i386
42001812 mono-core.i386
46827945 samba-common.i386
48317271 libgweather.i386
49798328 gutenprint-foomatic.i386
52051447 kernel.i686
52058430 kernel.i686
52071231 kernel.i686
91610549 glibc-common.i386

   rpm --showrc

This command shows rpm resource configuration state. Very helpful if you are trying to figure out what variable definition you can use in a spec file. The output from this command is fairly long and complicated, it may benefit you to pipe it to less (rpm --showrc | less).

   rpm -Va --nofiles --nomd5

This command checks your system's rpmdb for all unresolved dependencies, conflicts or other package-related problems. In the best (and normal) case it should return nothing at all.

   rpm --eval <an rpm macro>

This lets you output what rpm would return from the macro or command you specify. This will take pretty much anything you would normally preface with a % in a spec file.

Example

$ rpm --eval "%{_arch} %{_bindir}"
i386 /usr/bin