Version 4 (modified by skvidal, 10 years ago)

Basic Yum Commands and how to use them

  • yum list [available|installed|extras|updates|obsoletes|all|recent] [pkgspec]

This command lets you list packages in any repository enabled on your system or installed. It also lets you list specific types of packages as well as refine your list with a package specification of any of the package's name, arch, version, release, epoch.

      yum list

By default 'yum list' without any options will list all packages in all the repositories and all the packages installed on your system. Note: 'yum list all' and 'yum list' give the same output.

 yum list available

Lists all the packages available to be installed in any enabled repository on your system.

    yum list installed

This is equivalent to rpm -qa. It lists all the packages installed on the system.

   yum list extras

This command lists any installed package which no longer appears in any of your enabled repositories. Useful for finding packages which linger between upgrades or things installed not from a repo.

   yum list obsoletes

This command lists any obsoleting relationships between any available package and any installed package.

   yum list updates

This command lists any package in an enabled repository which is an update for any installed package.

   yum list recent

This command lists any package added to any enabled repository in the last seven(7) days.

   yum list pkgspec

This command allows you to refine your listing for particular packages.

Examples of pkgspecs:

      yum list zsh 
      yum list joe\* 
      yum list \*.i386 
      yum list dovecot-1.0.15 
  •      yum install/remove/update


  •     yum check-update
    Exactly like yum list updates but returns an exit code of 100 if there are updates available. Handy for shell scripting.
  •       yum grouplist


  •      yum groupinfo


  •      yum info
    yum list/info pkgname/pkgglob


  •     yum search


  •     yum shell


    yum makecache


  •     yum clean
  •     yum groupinstall/groupupdate/groupremove